Details

Advanced Environmental Monitoring


Advanced Environmental Monitoring



von: Young Kim, Ulrich Platt

190,39 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 31.10.2007
ISBN/EAN: 9781402063640
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 420

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Beschreibungen

This book deals with recent developments and applications of environmental monitoring technologies, with emphasis on rapidly progressing optical and biological methods. Written by worldwide experts, this book will be of interest to environmental scientists in academia, research institutes, industry and the government.
We are facing increasing environmental concerns associated with water, air, and soil pollution as well as climate change induced by human activities. Therefore accurate assessment of the state of the environment is a prerequisite for undertaking any course of action towards improvement. In particular, development of new environmental monitoring technologies for the detection of hazardous pollutants and environmental change has become increasingly important to scientists and to regulatory agencies. In recent years there has been much progress in the field of environmental monit- ing research, resulting in the development of more accurate, fast, compound-specific, convenient, and cost-effective techniques by integrating emerging technologies from various disciplines. th This book is a result of the 6 International Symposium on Advanced Environmental Monitoring, organized by ADvanced Environmental Monitoring Center (ADEMRC), Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea and held in Heidelberg, Germany on June, 27–30, 2006. It presents recent advances in the research and development of forthcoming technologies, as well as in field applications in advanced environmental monitoring. It is our hope that the papers presented in this book will provide a glimpse of how cutting-edge technologies involving monitoring of poll- ants, determination of environmental status, and the detection and quantification of toxicity are being developed and applied in the field. We give many thanks to all authors for their participation and contributions and to the reviewers for their goodwill in providing a rapid turnover of the manuscripts and the critical comments necessary for ensuring the quality of this publication.
Preface.- Section 1: Atmospheric Environmental Monititoring (Part I): Air Pollution Monitoring Systems – Past – Present – Future. Radial Plume Mapping: A US EPA test method for area and fugitive source emission monitoring using Optical Remote Sensing. MAX-DOAS Measurements of ClO, SO2 and NO2 in the Mid-latitude Coastal Boundary Layer and a Power Plant Plume. Laser based chemical sensor technology: recent advances and applications. Atmospheric Monitoring With Chemical Ionisation Reaction Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry (CIR-TOF-MS) and Future Developments: Hadamard Transform Mass Spectrometry. Continuous monitoring and the source identification of carbon dioxide at three sites in Northeast Asia during 2004-2005. Aircraft Measurements of Long-Range Trans-Boundary Air Pollutants over Yellow Sea. Optical remote sensing for characterizing the spatial distribution of stack emissions.- Section 2: Atmospheric Environmental Monitoring (Part II): Mass Transport of Background Asian Dust Revealed by Balloon-borne Measurement: Dust Particles Transported during Calm Periods by Westerly from Taklamakan Desert. Identifying Atmospheric Aerosols with Polarization Lidar. A Novel Method to Quantify Fugitive Dust Emissions using Optical Remote Sensing. Raman Lidar for Monitoring of Aerosol Pollution in the Free Troposphere. An innovative approach to optical measurement of atmospheric aerosols – determination of the size and the complex refractive index of single aerosol particles. Remote sensing of aerosols by sunphotometer and lidar techniques. Retrieval of Particulate Matter from MERIS Observations. Bioaerosol standoff monitoring using intensified range-gated laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy. MODIS 500×500-m2 resolution aerosol optical thickness retrieval and its application for air quality monitoring.- Section 3: Contaminant-Control Process Monitoring: Aquatic colloids: Provenance, characterization andsignificance to environmental monitoring. Progress in earthworm ecotoxicology. Differentiating Effluent Organic Matter (EfOM) from Natural Organic Matter (NOM): Impact of EfOM on Drinking Water Sources. An advanced monitoring & control system for optimization of the ozone-AOP (Advanced Oxidation Process) for the treatment of drinking water. Monitoring of Dissolved Organic Carbon (DOC) in a Water Treatment Process by UV-Laser Induced Fluorescence.- Section 4: Biosensors, Bioanalytical and Biomonitoring Systems: Biosensors for Environmental and Human Health. Biological toxicity testing of heavy metals and environmental samples using fluorescence based oxygen sensing and respirometry. Omics tools for environmental monitoring of chemicals, radiation, and physical stresses in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gene Expression Characteristics in the Japanese Medaka (Oryzias latipes) Liver after Exposure to Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals. Optical Detection of Pathogens Using Protein Chip. Expression analysis of sex-specific and endocrine-disruptors-responsive genes in Japanese medaka, Oryzias latipes, using oligonucleotide microarrays. Assessment of the hazard potential of environmental chemicals by quantifying fish behaviour. Biomonitoring studies performed with European eel populations from the estuaries of Minho, Lima and Douro rivers (NW Portugal). In vitro testing of inhalable fly ash at the air liquid interface.- List of Abbreviations.- Index.
When dealing with increasing environmental concerns associated with water, air and soil pollution, as well as climate change induced by human activities, accurate assessment of the state of the environment is a prerequisite for undertaking any course of action towards improvement.

This book deals with recent developments and applications of environmental monitoring technologies, with emphasis on optical and biological methods that are rapidly progressing through the integration of emerging technologies from various disciplines.

Thirty-one chapters, written by internationally renowned researchers in their respective fields, have been selected from presentations at the 6th International Symposium on Advanced Environmental Monitoring, held June 26-30, 2006 in Heidelberg, Germany.

Topics include:


atmospheric environmental monitoring


contaminant-control process monitoring


biosensors, bioanalytical and biomonitoring systems


This book will be useful to environmental scientists in academia, research institutes, industry and the government.
Emphasis on rapidly emerging technologies
31 chapters by renowned worldwide scientists
Covers a variety of environmental monitoring topics
Abundantly illustrated with full colour images

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